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The Great Civil War, a History of the Late Rebellion, With Biographical Sketches of Leading Statesmen and Distinguished Naval and Military Commanders, Etc


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The 'Alabama at Cherbourg.—Mr. Dayton telegraphs for the Kearsarge and St. Louis.—The Alabama ordered to leave
Cherbourg.—Captain Semmes challenges the Kearsarge.—Descriptions of the Alabama and Kearsarge.—Biograph-
ical Sketches of Captains Winslow and Semmes.—Numerous Spectators. —The Chain Armor of the Kearsarge.—
The Fight.—The Surrender.—The Alabama goes to the Bottom.—The English Steam-yacht Deerhound.—Efforts to
save the Crew of the Alabama.—Killed and Wounded.—Conduct of Captain Semmes.--Capture of the Georgia by
the Niagara.—Cruise of the Florida.—Capture of the Electric Spark.—-Armament of the, Florida.—The Florida and
Wachusett at Bahia.—Captain Morris refuses the Challenge of Captain Collins to go outside the Harbor and fight.
—Half of the Florida’s crew ashore.—Captain Collins seizes the Florida and tows her out to Sea.—Unsuccessful
Pursuit by the Brazilian Admiral.—The Florida sunk in Hampton Roads.—Apology and Reparation made to the
Brazilian Government.—The Crew of the Florida set at Liberty.—Escape of the Tallahassee from Wilmington.—
Description of the Tallahassee.—Her Armament.—Her short and destructive Career.—She puts into Halifax.—
Makes her way back to Wilmington.
During the year 1864 the three
English-built Confederate cruisers,
the Alabama, Georgia, and Florida,
which during two years had almost
paralyzed the American carrying trade,
roaming the seas, robbing and destroy-
ing peaceful merchantmen, but carefully
shunning all armed antagonists, too
often finding refuge and protection, and
even supplies and other assistance, in
neutral ports, terminated their predatory
career. The most prominent of these,
the Alabama, commanded by Captain
Raphael Semmes, having had an un-
usually prosperous run in the South
Atlantic and Indian Oceans, returned
early in June, after a remarkably short
voyage of one hundred days from the
China Seas, to northern waters, and on
the 10th of June put into the harbor of
Cherbourg, bringing with her the crews
of two vessels which she had destroyed
on the way.
As soon as Mr. Dayton, the American
minister at Paris, was informed of her
arrival, he telegraphed to Captain Win-
slow, commanding the United States
corvette Kearsarge, then lying at the
Dutch port of Flushing, and for the !
sailing frigate St. Louis, supposed to be
at Cadiz, to proceed at once to Cher-
bourg and watch the Alabama, and take
the first opportunity after her leaving
French waters to capture or sink her.
He also made a protest to the French
Government against the admission of
the Alabama, and reminded the foreign
secretary of a promise which he had
previously given with regard to this
vessel. The result of the protest was,
that the French maritime prefect noti-
fied Captain Semmes that he must leave
Cherbourg as soon as he had taken in
provisions and coal, and that he would
not be allowed to have repairs made on
his ship as he had designed. Mr.
Dayton having succeeded in procuring
this order for the departure of the

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