History of Iowa From the Earliest Times to the Beginning of the Twentieth Century by Benjamin T. Gue

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24 HISTORY Internal Revenue for the Second District. During his term he discovered secret and fraudulent methods practiced by distillers to cheat the Gov- ernment which led to the exposure of the gigantic whiskey frauds of 1874. In 1886 Mr. Boardman first suggested a reunion of the pioneer lawmakers of the State at Des Moines, resulting in the organization of the “ Pioneer Lawmakers’ Association,” which holds biennial sessions devoted largely to the collection and preservation of the early history of the State. Mr. Boardman died at his home in Lyons on the 30th of April, 1894. HORACE BOIES, thirteenth Governor of Iowa, was born on a farm in Erie County, New York, on the 7th of December, 1827. He received but a common school education and when sixteen years of age removed to Wisconsin and worked some time on a farm; returning to his old home he decided to study law. He opened an office in Hamburg, near Buffalo, and practiced there some years. In 1865 he was elected to the New York Legislature on the Republican ticket, serving but one session. He after- wards removed to Buffalo where he practiced law until 1856 when he came west and located at Waterloo. In 1880 Mr. Boies left the Repub- lican party on the ground of its adoption of the policy of a protective tariff and the prohibition of the liquor traffic. Becoming a Democrat in 1880 he was nominated by that party for Governor. After a vigorous cam- paign in which Mr. Boies made powerful assaults upon the prohibitory liquor law, advocating license, he was elected by a plurality of 6,573 in a vote of 360,623. In 1891 he was renominated and reflected upon the same issue, receiving the votes of several thousand license Republicans. At the dose of his second term he was again a candidate but the Repub- lican party having abandoned prohibition and declared for a law permitting the establishment of saloons upon petition of a majority of the voters of cities, the saloon Republicans returned to the party and defeated Gover- nor Boies by a plurality of 32,161. In 1896 Governor Boies was a candi- date before the Democratic National Convention for President and upon one ballot received a very complimentary vote. During his four years’ administration as Governor he used his influence to secure the repeal of the prohibitory liquor law but was unable to accomplish it. LEMUEL R. BOLTER was born in Richland County, Ohio, July 27, 1834. He received a college education and taught for a short time. In 1852 he made the overland trip to California, remaining there two years. He returned to the States in 1854, taught in Michigan and studied law. Mr. Bolter became a resident of Iowa in 1863, locating on a farm in Harrison County. In 1866 he was admitted to the bar and the same year was elected Representative in the House of the Eleventh General As- sembly. He was a member of the House in the Fifteenth, Sixteenth, Nine- teenth and Twentieth General Assemblies and a member of the Senate

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