History of Augusta County, Virginia

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THE HISTORY
— OF —
AUGUSTA COUNTY
CHAPTER I.
ANCIENT LIMITS.
The County of Augusta was ushered into existence the 12th year of the
reign of George II., as one of the shires of the colony of Virginia. No
reason appears in the act establishing the county for the name, but it is
believed to have been selected in honor of the Princess Augusta, wife of
Frederick Lewis, Prince of Wales, and daughter of Frederick II. Duke
of Saxe-Gotha. Frederick county was created at the same time, and it is
said, with good reason, to have derived its name from the Prince of Wales
himself. From the act, which we quote in full from Hening’s Statutes,
vol. 5, pp. 78-79, it will be seen that Augusta and Frederick are twin
sisters:
ACT FOR ESTABLISHING THE TWO COUNTIES PASSED BY THE GENERAL
ASSEMBLY OF THE COLONY OF VIRGINIA NOV. 1ST, 1738.
I. Whereas, great numbers of people have settled themselves of late
upon the rivers of Sherrando*, Cohengoruto and Opeckon, and the
branches thereof, on the N. W. side of the Blue Ridge mountains, where-
by the strength of this colony, and its security upon the frontiers, and H.
M.’s revenue of quit rents are like to be much increased and augment-
ed : For giving encouragement to such as shall think fit to settle
there,
II. Be it enacted by the Lieutenant-Governor, Council and Burgesses of
this present General Assembly, and it is hereby enacted by the authority
of the same, That all that territory and tract of land, at present deemed
to be part of the county of Orange, lying on the northwest side of the
top of the said mountains, extending from thence northerly, westerly and
southerly, beyond the said mountains, to the utmost limits of Virginia, be
*Sherrando, or Shenandoah, signifies, in the Indian tongue, Beautiful Daughter of the Stars.

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