Civil and Political History of New Jersey

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CHAPTER VI.
NEW NETHERLAND, NEW SWEDEN, AND NEW* ENGLAND.
Peter Stuyvesant was next appointed as Director in Chief in
New Netherland. His commission was dated on the 26th of July,
1646, and included the province of New Netherland, and the
Islands of Curaeoa, Bonaire and Aruba, on the Spanish Main.
He arrived in the country in May, 1647. He had long been
employed as a military officer in the service of Holland, and was
reputed to be courageous, prudent and firm.
At an early period the new Director applied himself fo a re-
moval of the difficulties and dangers with which the province was
surrounded, from the hostile dispositions of the Indians, and the
doubtful attitude of the English, and the Swedes. He concluded
a treaty of peace with the natives which continued unbroken
during the whole of his administration.1 But the differences with
the English were not of a nature to be readily terminated; at this
time, the principal matters in dispute related to the claims of New
Haven and Connecticut, to the ownership, and exclusive posses-
sion of lands.
The New Haven people were not disposed to relinquish the
claims they had advanced to lands upon the Delaware, and in
1640, Governor Eaton, on behalf of the colony, made a new ap-
plication to the New England Commissioners. He proposed that
effectual measures should be immediately adopted for securing the
rights of New Haven, by taking possession of the territory in
question, and planting colonies thereon. The Commissioners did
not agree at the time, to engage in any attempt for the purpose
proposed, but they recognized the rights of the people of New
' Frost’s History, vol. 2., p. 47.

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