Chronicles of Border Warfare, or, a History of the Settlement by the Whites, of North-Western Virginia, and of the Indian Wars and Massacres in That Section of the State : With Reflections, Anecdotes, &c.


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Of Border Warfare.
witness the result. This however they refused to do, and
the greater part of them left du Quesne. Upon this the
commandant of the fort, in order to learn the course
which Gen. Forbes would pursue, and to impress upon the
English, an idea that the French were in return preparing
to attack them, ordered the remainder of the Indians, a
number of Canadians and some French regulars to recon-
noitre the route [58] along which Gen. Forbes would be
most likely to march his army, to watch their motions and
harrass them as much as possible; determining if they
could not thus force him to abandon the idea of attacking
Du Quesne during that campaign, they would evacuate the
fort and retire into Canada.
When Major Grant with his men had been ordered on
to Du Quesne, the main army had been left at Raystown,
where it continued for some time; an advance was how-
ever posted at fort Ligonier. Between this vanguard and
the detachment from Du Quesne there was a partial en-
gagement, which resulted in the loss of some of the Mary-
land troops. Fort Ligonier was then closely watched by
the French and Indians, and several of the sentinels were
killed, before the point from which the fires were directed,
wo8 discovered; it was at length ascertained that parties
of the enemy would creep under the bank of the Loyal
Hanna till they could obtain a position from which to do
execution. Some soldiers were then stationed to guard
this point, who succeeded in killing two Indians, and in
wounding and making prisoner of one Frenchman. From
him the English obtained information that the greater
part of the Indians had left Du Quesne, and that the fort
was defenceless : the army then moved forward and taking
possession of its ruins established thereon Fort Pitt.1 The
1 The French destroyed Fort Duquesne in November, 1758. During
the winter following, Fort Pitt was erected by the English troops. In
his Journal of a Tour to the Ohio River (1770), Washington says of it:
“ The fort is built on the point between the rivers Alleghany and Monon-
gahela, but not so near the pitch of it as Fort Duquesne stood. It is five-
sided and regular, two of which next the land are of brick; the others
stockade. A moat encompasses it.” Fort Pitt was invested by the In-
dians during Pontiac’s War (1763). It was fully garrisoned until 1772,
when a corporal and a few men were left as care-takers. In October of

About This Document

02 Mar 2013
Total pages:
Largely written by William Powers and William Hacker, but prepared for publication by Withers, according to a statement made by a grandson of Powers. Cf. L.G. McWhorter, The border settlers of northwestern Virginia, 1915, p. 41-42 Includes bibliographical references and index 1 16

Document Source

Withers, Alexander Scott, 1792-1865 Powers, William, 1765-1856 Hacker, William, d. 1830? Thwaites, Reuben Gold, 1853-1913. cn Draper, Lyman Copeland, 1815-1891. dn

Cincinnati : R. Clarke Co.
Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center