American Annals; or, a Chronological History of America, From Its Discovery in 1492 to 1806 [microform]

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1713.] AMERICAN ANNALS. 73 lasted six hours, and destroyed several ships belonging to London and Bristol, and fourteen belonging to that island, in the harbours of Fort Royal and Kingston four hundred sailors were drowned». 1713. The treaty of Utrecht was signed on the thirtieth of March. By this treaty the French king yielded to the ^ueen of Great Britain the Bay and Straits of Hudson, the inland of St. Christopher, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland *. When this treaty of peace was known in America, the eastern Indians prayed that there might also be peace be- tween the English and them ; and proposed a treaty to be holden at Casco. Governor Dudley however, judging it more for his honour to oblige them to come to Portsmouth ; a treaty was begun there on the eleventh of July, and on the thirteenth they entered anew into articles of submission and pacification 3. Connecticut had now forty-five towns settled under its own jurisdiction 4. The grand list of the colony was two hun- dred eighty*one thousand and eighty-three pounds. The number of its inhabitants was about seventeen thousand 5. I Ibid. xl. 387,388. Many persons were killed by the fall of houses and sugar works. The canes anil provisions for the negroes throughout the island were (generally destroyed. i Blair, Chronol. Puftendorf, Introd. Hist. Europe, i. 109. Anderson, iii. 50, 51. This last author remarks, “ Although all Nova Scotia and Acadie, with its ancient boundaries, were yielded to queen Anne forever, as also the city of Port Koval (now called Annapolis Koval,) and the sub- jects of France, were thereby excluded from all kinds of fishing in the sens, bays, &c. on the coasts of Nova Scotia-, yet those ancient boundaries were never yet justly ascertained by France;” and says, “ the French still pre- tended, that only the isthmus called Acadie »as intended to be yielded up, and not what we called Nova Scotia.” lie also remarks, that, 11 the island of Cape Breton, which was always deemed a part of Nova Scotia, was basely yielded up to France.” The author of 1'iecis sur L'Amerique [51, 52.1 says, the French took possessiou of Cape Breton in August, and changed its name to Isle Koyale; and that they were its first inhabitants; “ furent proprcment les premiers habitans." 3 Hutchinson, ii.iOI. Belknap, N. Ilamp. i. 357. Brit. Emn. [ii. 8p.] says, the basis of their submission was the treaty of Penobscot [Pemaquid] in 160.). The articles are inserted in Penballow's Indian Yvars of New England. 4 There were three considerable towns in the colony, under the juris* diction of Massachusetts, viz. SuiReUl, Enfield, and Woodstock. 5 According to this account, the estimate for Connecticut, under A. P. 1701, must be much too large. Its *

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