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1713.] AMERICAN ANNALS. 73
lasted six hours, and destroyed several ships belonging to
London and Bristol, and fourteen belonging to that island,
in the harbours of Fort Royal and Kingston four hundred
sailors were drowned».
The treaty of Utrecht was signed on the thirtieth of
March. By this treaty the French king yielded to the ^ueen
of Great Britain the Bay and Straits of Hudson, the inland
of St. Christopher, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland *.
When this treaty of peace was known in America, the
eastern Indians prayed that there might also be peace be-
tween the English and them ; and proposed a treaty to be
holden at Casco. Governor Dudley however, judging it
more for his honour to oblige them to come to Portsmouth ;
a treaty was begun there on the eleventh of July, and on the
thirteenth they entered anew into articles of submission and
Connecticut had now forty-five towns settled under its own
jurisdiction 4. The grand list of the colony was two hun-
dred eighty*one thousand and eighty-three pounds. The
number of its inhabitants was about seventeen thousand 5.
I Ibid. xl. 387,388. Many persons were killed by the fall of houses and
sugar works. The canes anil provisions for the negroes throughout the
island were (generally destroyed.
i Blair, Chronol. Puftendorf, Introd. Hist. Europe, i. 109. Anderson,
iii. 50, 51. This last author remarks, “ Although all Nova Scotia and
Acadie, with its ancient boundaries, were yielded to queen Anne forever,
as also the city of Port Koval (now called Annapolis Koval,) and the sub-
jects of France, were thereby excluded from all kinds of fishing in the sens,
bays, &c. on the coasts of Nova Scotia-, yet those ancient boundaries were
never yet justly ascertained by France;” and says, “ the French still pre-
tended, that only the isthmus called Acadie »as intended to be yielded up,
and not what we called Nova Scotia.” lie also remarks, that, 11 the island
of Cape Breton, which was always deemed a part of Nova Scotia, was basely
yielded up to France.” The author of 1'iecis sur L'Amerique [51, 52.1
says, the French took possessiou of Cape Breton in August, and changed
its name to Isle Koyale; and that they were its first inhabitants; “ furent
proprcment les premiers habitans."
3 Hutchinson, ii.iOI. Belknap, N. Ilamp. i. 357. Brit. Emn. [ii. 8p.]
says, the basis of their submission was the treaty of Penobscot [Pemaquid]
in 160.). The articles are inserted in Penballow's Indian Yvars of New
4 There were three considerable towns in the colony, under the juris*
diction of Massachusetts, viz. SuiReUl, Enfield, and Woodstock.
5 According to this account, the estimate for Connecticut, under A.
P. 1701, must be much too large.